8th OECD Forum on Green Finance and Investment

Key Resources 

Transition finance: Investigating the state of play

“Transition finance” is gaining traction among governments and market participants, as we work towards the progressive lowering of emissions in high emitting and hard to abate sectors. This paper reviews 12 transition relevant taxonomies, guidance and principles by public and private actors, as well as 39 transition relevant financial instruments (vanilla transition bonds, key performance indicator-linked fixed income securities).

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De-risking institutional investment in green infrastructure:  2021 progress update

This policy paper catalogues tools and techniques used by public actors such as national development banks and green investment banks to mitigate project-level risks and attract private investment in infrastructure. The paper updates the dataset underlying the 2018 Progress Update on Approaches to Mobilising Institutional Investment for Sustainable Infrastructure. It provides an expanded typology of de-risking instruments and highlight several novel approaches for mobilising institutional investment.

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Clean Energy Finance and Investment Policy Review of Indonesia

This first Clean Energy Finance and Investment Policy Review of Indonesia supports efforts to reverse these trends and achieve a clean energy transition. The report provides a comprehensive overview of the current policy framework, highlighting progress and identifying untapped opportunities for strengthening policy interventions that can help scale up clean energy finance and investment. It also provides a number of tailored recommendations for the Government of Indonesia and development partners. 

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Measuring the alignment of real economy investments with climate mitigation objectives: The United Kingdom’s buildings sector

This paper explores data and methods to assess the alignment or misalignment with climate mitigation objectives of investments in the construction and refurbishment of residential and non-residential buildings. It takes the United Kingdom (UK) as a case study, where such investments reached GBP 162 billion (EUR 184 billion) in 2019 or 39% of UK gross fixed capital formation. The analysis trials different reference points that lead to varying results and each currently come with limitations in terms of coverage or granularity.

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Financial markets and climate transition: Opportunities, challenges and policy implications

The accelerating threat of climate change raises the urgency of commitment to climate transition, including the important role of global financial markets to align investment with net zero. This report focuses on the critical contribution financial markets must play towards achieving an orderly transition to low-carbon economies, and the policies needed to support this. It explores the key elements that could factor into market pricing of climate transition risks and opportunities, offers frameworks and case studies, reviews the growing range of market products and practices and puts forward policy options that can support this transition.

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Environmental social and governance (ESG) investing

Environmental, social and governance (ESG) investing is gaining traction as investors increasingly seek long term value and alignment with sustainability and climate-related objectives. This report highlights the main findings from recent OECD research on ESG rating and investing. It offers policy considerations to strengthen ESG practices to foster global interoperability and comparability, as well as encourage greater alignment of environmental metrics with a low-carbon transition. 

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Climate Finance Provided and Mobilised by Developed Countries:  Aggregate Trends Updated with 2019 Data

This report presents aggregate trends of annual climate finance provided and mobilised by developed countries for developing countries for the period 2013-19. The trends are presented by finance source, climate theme and sector, geography, and financial instrument. As this report is intended as a short technical update to the previously published 2013-18 figures, the information provided remains at an aggregate level. An expanded and disaggregated analysis will be conducted in 2022 for climate finance in 2019 and 2020, once data for 2020 is available.

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Biodiversity, natural capital and the economy: A policy guide for finance, economic and environment ministers

This paper provides the latest findings and policy guidance for G7 and other countries in four key areas: measuring and mainstreaming biodiversity; aligning budgetary and fiscal policy with biodiversity; embedding biodiversity in the financial sector; and improving biodiversity outcomes linked to international trade. This paper was prepared as a background document for G7 Climate and Environment Ministers under the G7 Presidency of the United Kingdom. 

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The role of intermediaries to facilitate water-related investment

This paper analyses a diverse sample of intermediaries working at the interface between the demand for and supply of finance for water-related investments. It identifies gaps, overlaps and misalignments in efforts to overcome critical bottlenecks to mobilising finance and provides recommendations to shift towards a more strategic approach.

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